2018 World Chess Championship, two-match: Magnus Carlsen - Fabiano Caruana
History of the World Chess ChampionshipThe honorary title 'world chess champion' was already used in the forties of the nineteenth century. At the time, however, that term was more of a nickname or honorary title for a chess player who at that time was regarded by chess connoisseurs as the best chess player in the world. For example, they called a chess player who had been undefeated for a long time in meetings with other top chess players, or a chess player who had just won a top tournament.
Today, Wilhelm Steinitz is considered by most chess historians to be the first "real" world chess champion. He won a match against Johann Zukertort in 1886, where it was explicitly agreed for the first time that the stake of that match was the world title chess. Steinitz was a born Austrian, who would later assume American nationality.
Emanuel LaskerIn 1894 Steinitz lost his world title to the German Emanuel Lasker. It retained its world title until 1921. Although it should be noted that in a long period, namely from 1910 to 1920, he did not once officially risk the world title in a match. (By the way, he demonstrated at some tournaments that he was still the world's best chess player at the time.)
In addition to his chess career, the legendary Emanuel Lasker was also active as a mathematician, philosopher and writer. He also achieved great success as a mathematician in particular. In the field of commutative algebra, Steinitz is considered a pioneering scientist in the history books of mathematics.
Max EuweIn 1921, Lasker lost the world title to the Cuban Capablanca. He would then lose this title again in 1927 to the Russian Alekin. In 1935, Alzechin (who had meanwhile been neutralized as a Frenchman) played a World Cup match against Dutchman Max Euwe. The Dutchman won the tweekamp with 15.5-14.5 and became the first and so far only Dutch world chess champion. In 1937, however, Aleksandr Alzechin would regain the world title by beating Euwe in a camp with 15.5-9.5. Alzechin would retain the world title until his death (in 1946).
The Soviet Union versus Bobby FischerIn the first decades after the Second World War the chess world was dominated by the Soviet Union. In the period from 1948 to 1972 there were five world champions; all five were from the Soviet Union. In 1972 the legendary American Bobby Fischer succeeded in breaking the Soviet hegemony into the chess world.
He defeated the ruling world champion Boris Spasski during a World Cup match in Iceland. This tweekamp, which took place in the middle of the cold war, was nicknamed: "The match of the century". Bobby Fischer retained his world title until 1975. After intensive negotiations, the international chess federation FIDE decided that year not to respond to the (extreme) demands that Fischer set for a new World Cup match. Fischer then refused to play a World Cup match. The FIDE then decided to call the chess player Fischer originally had to play his World Cup match against, the Russian Karpov, as the new chess world champion.
KasparovAnatoli Karpov retained the world title until 1985. That year, however, he lost that title to his younger countryman Garry Kasparov. From the mid-eighties until the beginning of the 21st century, Kasparov would continue to rule in the world of chess. Yet from 1993 he would no longer be the official (FIDE) world chess champion. In that year, after a series of conflicts with FIDE, Kasparov decided to set up his own chess federation (PCA) and thereby organize its own World Cup. Kasparov would retain his own world title until the year 2000, when he lost it to his countryman Vladimir Kramnik.
In the meantime, FIDE also continued to organize its own Chess World Cup, although that official world title had a lot less shine since 1993 since the best chess player of his generation (and according to many even the best chess player of all time) Garry Kasparov did not participate in this World Cup. From 1993 to 2006, the FIDE world title was consecutively in the hands of Anatoli Karpov, Aleksandr Chalifman, Viswanathan Anand, Roeslan Ponomarjov, Rustam Kasimdzjanov and Veselin Topalov.
Reunited chess worldIn 2006, unity was finally restored in the world of top chess. Kramnik, the holder of the alternative world title, competed in a duel with the FIDE world champion Topalov that year for the one and only official world title. Kramnik won this battle. The Indian Anand then took the world title in 2007 (the World Cup was not played in the form of a match in that year, but in the form of a tournament with 8 participants).
Viswanathan AnandViswanathan (Vishy) Anand was born on December 11, 1969 in Madras (India). As a 13-year-old, he defeated the then best chess player in India, Manuel Aaron. In 1987 he won the world title among the juniors. Around 1990 he was The Rising Star of the international chess world. He was astonished at the time by many chess lovers because of his very fast game. Later he started to play a little slower and more thoughtfully. In 2000, Anand took the FIDE world chess title. During the subsequent FIDE World Championship (which started in 2001 and whose final was played in 2002), Anand did not succeed in retaining his world title.
In 2007, one year after the chess world was reunited after years of conflict and one real world title existed again, Anand managed to grab that title. Anand retained the world title until the Norwegian prodigy Magnus Carlsen defeated him in a clash in 2013.
In the spring of 2014, Anand won the World Cup candidate tournament that was played between eight top players in the Russian city of Chanty-Mansiysk. That is why Anand was allowed to try to take revenge on Carlsen in December 2014, in a match for the world chess title. Carlsen retained the world title, however, by winning this match with 6.5 - 4.5.
World Cup match 2016: Carlsen versus KarjakinIn March 2016, another candidate tournament was held. The event took place in Moscow. The winner of this tournament could compete against world champion Carlsen in the fall of 2016, in a world championship match. Eight players took part in the tournament, including the Dutchman Anish Giri. Surprisingly, this tournament was won by the Russian Sergey Karjakin, who beforehand was counted among the less strong participants in the candidate tournament by many experts.
So in November 2016 the World Cup two-match Carlsen-Karjakin took place. To the surprise of many, Karjakin played very strong. After the twelve scheduled games, the score was the same: Carlsen-Karjakin 6-6. The decision therefore had to fall in a tiebreak, which consisted of a series of rapid parties. Carlsen won convincingly 3-1. That is why Carlsen extended his world title in chess. The final score in the World Championship Chess was therefore Carlsen-Karjakin 9-7.
FIDE Candidate Tournament: 2018 World Championship chessIn March 2018, a FIDE Candidate Tournament was played in Berlin. Whoever would win that tournament would be allowed to compete in December 2018 against world champion Carlsen, in a match for the FIDE world title chess. Eight world class players took part in this tournament. The tournament was won by Fabiano Caruana, ahead of Mamedyarov and Karjakin.
2018 World Cup in LondonThe two-round round of the 2018 World Cup is therefore played by world champion Magnus Carlsen and his challenger Fabiano Curuana. This dual camp starts on November 9 and lasts until the end of November. The match is held in London (Great Britain) at The College in Holborn. The prize money of this two-way camp is more than 1 million euros.
The challenger: Fabiano CaruanaFabiano Luigi Caruana was born on July 30, 1992 in the American city of Miami. He has Italian roots. From 2005 to 2015 he officially played for Italy as a chess player. However, from 2015 he will be playing for the United States. In his youth, he was considered a chess wonder child. Already at the age of 14 he obtained the title of grandmaster. He was both the youngest Italian and the youngest American grandmaster of all time.
In 2014, Caruana achieved second place in the FIDE world ranking. After that he returned to that second place several times, but he never managed to catch up with the number one Magnus Carlsen in terms of ELO rating. In the fall of 2018 he was very close to Carlsen on that world ranking list; the difference between them is only three points at the beginning of November. Because Caruana won the FIDE candidate tournament in 2018, he is the first American since the legendary Bobby Fischer, who can participate in a match for the chess world title.
The world champion: Magnus CarlsenSven Magnus Øen Carlsen was born on November 30, 1990. At a young age he demonstrated his enormous chess talent. He was only 13 years old when he already won the title of grandmaster. In 2010, at the age of 19, he was the youngest chess player of all time, ranked number one in the FIDE rating (ELO). On the same ranking he broke the point record in 2013 that was previously held by Kasparov. In 2013, he won the tournament for the chess world championships in London. He then defeated reigning champion Anand in a championship for the world title. Many already regard Magnus Carlsen as the best chess player of all time, although many other chess fans believe that the honorary title still belongs to Garry Kasparov.
FavoriteMagnus Carlsen is the main contender to win the duel. The reigning world champion has played strongly in the top tournaments in recent years and is still first on the FIDE ELO rating.
Program: performance dates, schedule, schedule and resultsThe opening ceremony is on Thursday 8 November. What does the program of this tweekamp look like? When will all matches of this World Cup match be played? The first game will be played on Friday, November 9, the second on Saturday, November 10. A rest day will follow on Monday 12 November. This is the standard pattern for the largest part of this two-camp: two days with competitions each and then one day of rest. The matches are played on 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21 and 22 November. In the final phase of this World Cup match, people deviate from the fixed pattern. A party will follow on 24 November, but then again a rest day on 25 November. The twelfth round will be played on November 26. If, after twelve laps, the match is not decided yet, a rest day will follow on November 27, followed by tie breaks on November 28. What time do the matches start? The games start in the afternoon at 3:00 PM local time (in London), so at 4:00 PM for those who want to follow this tweekamp live from the Netherlands and Belgium.
Program: matches two-camp World Cup 2018
- Fri. November 9: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Sat. November 10: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- So. November 11: Rest day
- Ma. November 12: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Tue. November 13: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- Wed. November 14: Rest day
- Do. November 15: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Fri. November 16: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- Sat. November 17: Rest day
- So. November 18: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- Ma. November 19: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Tue. November 20: Rest day
- Wed. November 21: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- Do. November 22: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Fri. November 23: Rest day
- Sat. November 24: Magnus Carlsen 1/2 - Fabiano Caruana 1/2
- So. November 25: Rest day
- Ma. November 26: Fabiano Caruana 1/2 - Magnus Carlsen 1/2
- Tue. November 27: Rest day
- Wed. November 28: Carlsen 3 - Caruana 0 tiebreaker
Final ranking: Carlsen retains world titleThe score in this match after the twelve regular matches was: Carlsen - Caruana 6-6. That is why a tiebreak was played on Wednesday 28 November. Carlsen won convincingly 3-0, so that he ultimately retains his world title.
Livestream: follow the 2018 World Cup chess live
Livestream?Can one also follow the battle between Carlsen and Caruana online via a live stream? Yes, the two-way round to the 2018 World Cup chess can be followed live via live stream via the World Chess website. The opening press conference was broadcast live by them on 8 November, via a live stream that could be followed on their website and on Facebook. As an exception, this public stream from the press conference was a completely free live stream. During the competitions their live stream is not free.
Official live stream for sale at World ChessDuring the World Cup match, an official live stream is available at World Chess. On this site you can buy 'online access', so you can buy access to their 'live stream service'. That costs 20 dollars for the entire match. However, one gets more than one live stream for that amount. You can follow the matches from multiple camera angles via the live stream, you can also follow live comments and you get all sorts of info and videos around the match. Judit Polgar is the main commentator of 'World Chess' for the live broadcasts of the World Cup match. The live stream can be viewed on a smartphone as well as on a laptop, tablet or other type of computer.
In addition to the live stream subscription for only the World Cup match for 20 euros, it is also possible to purchase a one-year subscription to World Chess for 35 euros. With this you can also follow other events of them live via a live stream.